Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries

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Cover of Rites magazine, published in Toronto in September 1986

The Fisher Library’s holdings of 20th- and 21st-century material relating to Black history come from diverse collections in the Library, and present evidence of the Black experience from a variety of points of view.

The Kenny collection of Marxist and leftist material includes publications on the Black Panther Party, Paul Robeson, and Malcolm X, while our archives and Canadian literature collections contain plays, drafts, and published works of fiction and non-fiction by prominent as well as lesser-known Black Canadian authors.

Our periodical collections include local and sometimes ephemeral material which provides first-person perspectives on the story of Black activism, organizing, and creative cooperation in Canada, with titles like Black Liberation News, Ebo Voice, and Kola.

Explore the Fisher's holdings from this period by clicking the links to the left.


Handwritten notation by gr.gaines on the first page of his self-published book of poetry, Never Forget RW, 2004.

Twentieth and Twenty-First Centuries